Excavating Basics


Excavating is one of the core activities in archeology. In archeology, excavating is usually the documentation, processing and investigation of archaeological remains. Basically, an excavation site is the area that is being excavated. These areas range from a single to several acres in a given project and can be done over a period of years to a number of years. During the excavation, several types of equipment are used to help in the excavation of the site including bulldozers, backhoes, spades, drilling machines and more. Excavation can be done manually as well as electronically with the use of technology.
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Excavating is very important when it comes to analyzing any archeological site. Excavating involves the careful analysis, evaluation, and evaluation of the site, which require a lot of work including precise planning and detailed work schedules. Excavating can also be done manually but with the assistance of modern equipment. Excavating involves the digging of trenches around the site that will eventually hold the artifacts that are found there. Usually, excavating is done for three reasons – to gather more data on the original condition of the soil, to recover soil samples for testing and to search for any pre-historical artifacts.
When it comes to grading, another important step in archeology is to evaluate the condition of the surface of the ground. Excavating requires the removal of layers of soil to determine if the ground is firm enough to support any structures that may be placed there, especially roads, driveways, and other utilities. In order to do this, the excavating contractor will do a series of testing and evaluations on the foundation and the hill. Once this is determined, the grading of the land can begin to prepare it for the foundation by leveling the top of the soil. By doing this, the excavating contractor can prepare the surfaces for foundations.