Home Care Overview

Business Home Care

About Home Treatment What you need to know

The demand for home care continues to increase as a rising number of seniors opt to stay in their home rather than move into a senior living facility. Happy at Home is an excellent resource for this. Home care is also called ‘companion care’ and consists of non-medical services that allow a person to obtain assistance with Daily Living Activities (ADLs) and Daily Living Instrumental Activities (IADLs). Home health care, on the other hand, consists of trained nursing facilities delivered at home by licensed practitioners, such as nurses, doctors, and therapists.

To identify ADLs and IADLs

Normal life tasks usually include the following:


Dressing Dressing

Sanitation (brushing hair, brushing teeth, denture care, etc.)

Toiletting (including hygiene, use of incontinence products)

Transfering (moving from bed to chair, walker to toilet, etc.)

Instrumental everyday living tasks typically involve the following:

Light house-maintenance and cleaning

Preparation of Meal

Control of Prescription

Grocery shopping or clothing

To make meetings, etc., using the telephone

Capital Management (balancing a checkbook, paying bills)

Depending on many variables, the frequency of services offered varies. The primary consideration is the degree of independence a senior should retain while ensuring that their basic needs for treatment are met. For example, in all ADLs, a senior who is still independent can only need assistance with IADLs such as house cleaning, laundry and shopping transportation once a week. In other cases, in order to ensure their physical safety and well-being, seniors will require regular monitoring of specific activities. One of the most significant services given to seniors living alone in their homes is drug control. If medicine is taken more than once a day, it is possible to employ a home care nurse to ensure the correct dosages and the proper timing of each dose. Simultaneous meal preparation ensures adequate nutrition and hydration during the day. Home care programs also serve as an occasional but much needed break in day-to-day commitments for couples in whom one partner serves as the primary caregiver.

As facilities can be arranged on a short-term or long-term basis, home care also provides versatility. For instance, services are also arranged for seniors after a medical crisis, such as a stroke or injurious fall, has occurred. In such situations, when regaining strength and/or mobility, temporary assistance may be required. In order to encourage a senior to receive treatment while his adult child is working during the day, services can also be given on a long-term basis.